The prize was established in 1981 by the Executive Committee of the International Mathematical Union and named to honour the Finnish mathematician Rolf Nevanlinna (1895-1980). Like the Fields Medal the prize is targeted at younger mathematicians, The prize was first awarded at the 19th ICM in Warsaw, Poland, 1983
Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize
The Carl Friedrich Gauss Prize for Applications of Mathematics is a mathematics award, granted jointly by the International Mathematical Union and the German Mathematical Society for "outstanding mathematical contributions that have found significant applications outside of mathematics". The award receives its name from the German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855). With its premiere in 2006, it is awarded in every four year, at the International Congress of Mathematicians
It is named in honour of the late Chinese mathematician Shiing-Shen Chern. The award is a joint effort of the International Mathematical Union and the Chern Medal Foundation (CMF). The first award was granted at the ICM in Hyderabad, India, 2010.
Since 2010 IMU also awards the Leelavati Prize (at the ICM Closing Ceremony). Since 2014 this prize is sponsored by Infosys. The Leelavati Prize recognizes outstanding public outreach work for mathematics.
The Abel Prize is not directly related to the IMU but is an international prize presented annually by the King of Norway to one or more outstanding mathematicians. The prize is named
Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) who proved the impossibility of solving the quintic equation by radicals, to celebrate The two-hundredth anniversary of Abel’s death. It is among the most prestigious awards in mathematics. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters annually declares the winner of the Abel Prize in April and award in June.
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